• 34 Main St N, Markham, ON L3P 1X5 CA

Periodontics

At Hunter Dental in Markham, our dentists work with our patients to help prevent and manage periodontal (gum) disease.

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About Gum Disease

Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that support your teeth, this includes your gums, gingiva, alveolar bone, cementum, and the periodontal ligament.

Anyone can develop gum disease, but certain factors elevate the risk, such as poor oral hygiene, smoking, and some systemic diseases that permit the build-up of plaque on your teeth which will eventually affect your gums.

Gum Disease & Your Overall Health

Gum disease can be very serious as it can cause a number of health issues, including heart health, diabetes, and being able to lead a healthy lifestyle. Prevention and treatment are essential.

Periodontis | Hunter Dental | Markham Dentist

Stages of Gum Disease

In the early stages of development, gum disease can be difficult to detect. Often, patients only become aware of symptoms once they have progressed beyond the earlier phases.

Untreated, gum disease typically progresses in the following stages:
  • Gingivitis

    The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis. Gums become irritated by the build-up of plaque and the toxic by-products. This causes your gums to become inflamed, tender, and likely to bleed.

  • Periodontitis

    Plaque will harden into tartar over time. As plaque and tartar build-up along the gum line, the gums will begin to recede from the teeth. Pockets will eventually form between the gums and teeth, becoming filled with bacteria and pus. The gums will become further irritated, inflamed, and bleed easily. At this point, there could be slight to moderate bone loss as well.

  • Advanced Periodontitis

    Continued deterioration of the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament, teeth lead to loss of support for the teeth. Without treatment, the affected teeth will become very loose and there is a greater chance of your teeth falling out. There could also be moderate to severe bone loss in the jaw during this stage.

Gum Disease Treatment

There are several types of periodontal treatment methods available, depending on the type and severity of the disease. If caught in the early stages, preventive therapy will be recommended.

Otherwise, your treatment will fall into one of the following categories:
  • Non-Surgical Gum Therapy

    Non-surgical gum therapy may be able to reverse mild forms of gum disease. This is essentially a deep cleaning process performed by a dental hygienist. The hygienist will also perform a scaling and root planing process in which plaque and tartar that have formed around and below the gum line will be scraped away and any rough areas left behind will be smoothed out.

  • Surgical Gum Therapy

    More advanced forms of gum disease will require more invasive surgical treatments to reverse the effects. Your dentist will discuss the different options available for surgical gum therapy, including flap surgery, guided tissue regeneration, tissue grafting, and bone grafting.

  • Post-Treatment Maintenance

    At the completion of a patient's periodontal treatment, our dental team strongly recommends regular dental examinations and preventive therapy, typically four times per year. It is essential to practice good oral hygiene and maintain preventive therapy to control periodontal disease and prevent further complications.

Hunter Dental | Markham Dentist

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